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Last updated: March 17, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
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The glaciers of Sarek

The Sarektjåkkå massif from SW The Sarektjåkkå massif from SW, July 22, 1989. (91 kB)

Sarek is the largest high mountain area in Sweden. It lies between Stora and Lilla Lule älv in Norrbottens län (Lapland). To the west the area borders to Padjelanta and to the east to the high plateau of Ultevis. The highest peak is Sarektjåkkå (2089 m), the 2nd highest mountain in Sweden, and there are 7 additional peaks higher than 2000 m, some 35 1900-meter peaks, and about 55 1800-meter peaks.

Of the 14 high mountain massifs in Sarek 13 contain 122-141 glaciers (the fourteenth, Tarrekaise, has no glaciers). The former number is true if you treat glacier complexes as one glacier, and the latter if you treat the ice streams within the complexes as separate glaciers. The total glacier area is 165.31 km2, which is 55.7 % of the total glacier area of Sweden.

Sarek contains 11 glacier complexes, 25 (43) valley glaciers, 64 (67) cirque glaciers, and 22 (31) ice caps (the numbers within parenthesis with the glacier complexes split). The area of the glacier complexes varies between 1.95 and 17.38 km2, the valley glaciers between 0.64 and 11.17, the cirque glaciers between 0.05 and 1.27, and the ice caps finally between 0.12 and 7.44 km 2.

Contents

  • The glaciers of Sarek, arranged after massif


  • Table over the glaciers of Sarek larger than 1 km2 (glacier complexes treated as one unit)


  • Table over the glaciers of Sarek larger than 1 km2 (glacier complexes divided into ice streams)

  • Icefalls in Sarek


  • Wind channels in Sarek

  • (For the interested, information concerning classification, naming, and measurements.)


    The glaciers of Sarek, arranged after massif

    The Akka massif
    The Akka massif
    The Kisuris massif
    The Kisuris massif
    The Ruotes massif
    The Ruotes massif
    The 
Sarektjåkkå massif
    The Sarektjåkkå massif
    The Skana massif
    The Skana massif
    The Lanjek massif
    The Lanjek massif
    The Ålkatj 
massif
    The Ålkatj massif
    The Äpar massif
    The Äpar massif
    The Skårki massif
    The Skårki massif
    The Luotto massif
    The Luotto massif
    The Tsatsa massif
    The Tsatsa massif
    The Pårte massif
    The Pårte massif
    The Piellorieppe massif
    The Piellorieppe massif


    The glaciers of Sarek larger than 1 km2

    (Glacier complexes treated as one unit)

    Name Area (km2) Type Massif
    1. Ålkatj-jekna 17.38 Glacier complex Ålkatj
    2. Mikkajekna 11.49 Glacier complex Sarektjåkkå
    3. Pårtejekna 11.17 Valley glacier Pårte
    4. Suottasjekna 8.24 Glacier complex Sarektjåkkå
    5. Årjep Ruotesjekna 8.13 Glacier complex Ruotes
    6. Luottojekna 7.60 Glacier complex Luotto
    7. Akkajekna 7.22 Glacier complex Ålkatj
    8. Årjep Sarekjekna 4.90 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    9. Vartasjekna 4.88 Glacier complex Sarektjåkkå
    10. Alep Pastajekna 3.87 Glacier complex Skårki
    11. Ritajekna 3.73 Glacier complex Ålkatj
    12. Ruopsokjekna 3.58 Valley glacier Äpar
    13. Vattendelarglaciären 3.41 Glacier complex Lanjek
    14. Vuoinesjekna 3.20 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    15. Tjågnårisjekna 3.00 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    16. Palkatjekna 2.82 Valley glacier Pårte
    17. Hambergs glaciär 2.54 Valley glacier Akka
    18. Kaska Sarekjekna 2.53 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    19. Äparjekna 2.26 Valley glacier Äpar
    20. Alep Ruotesjekna 1.95 Glacier complex Ruotes
    21. Pierikjekna 1.90 Valley glacier Äpar
    22. Lanjekjekna 1.76 Valley glacier Lanjek
    23. Alep Vassjajekna 1.62 Valley glacier Skårki
    24. Lulep Pastajekna 1.61 Valley glacier Skårki
    25. Niakjekna 1.60 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    26. Sarvajekna 1.54 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    27. Hyllglaciären 1.41 Valley glacier Akka
    28. Kassajekna 1.39 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    29. Stuolojekna 1.34 Valley glacier Piellorieppe
    30. Såltajekna 1.27 Cirque glacier Sarektjåkkå
    31. Lulep Vassjajekna 1.17 Valley glacier Skårki


    The glaciers of Sarek larger than 1 km2

    (Glacier complexes divided into ice streams)

    Name Area (km2) Type Massif
    1. Pårtejekna 11.17 Valley glacier Pårte
    2. Suottasjekna 8.06 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    3. Årjep Ålkatj-jekna 7.44 Ice cap Ålkatj
    4. Mikkajekna 7.31 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    5. Jåkåtjkaskajekna 7.18 Ice cap Ålkatj
    6. Årjep Ruotesjekna 5.91 Valley glacier Ruotes
    7. Årjep Sarekjekna 4.90 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    8. Vartasjekna 3.72 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    9. Alep Sarekjekna 3.69 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    10. Ruopsokjekna 3.58 Valley glacier Äpar
    11. Nuortap Luottojekna 3.27 Valley glacier Luotto
    12. Årjep Akkajekna 3.22 Valley glacier Ålkatj
    13. Vuoinesjekna 3.20 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    14. Ritajekna 3.14 Valley glacier Ålkatj
    15. Alep Pastajekna 3.12 Valley glacier Skårki
    16. Nuortap Akkajekna 3.05 Valley glacier Ålkatj
    17. Tjågnårisjekna 3.00 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    18. Palkatjekna 2.82 Valley glacier Pårte
    19. Hambergs glaciär 2.54 Valley glacier Akka
    20. Kaska Sarekjekna 2.53 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    21. Äparjekna 2.26 Valley glacier Äpar
    22. Västra Svenonius glaciär 2.11 Valley glacier Luotto
    23. Östra Vattendelarglaciären 2.10 Valley glacier Lanjek
    24. Sjelmajekna 1.99 Valley glacier Ruotes
    25. Pierikjekna 1.90 Valley glacier Äpar
    26. Kanalbergsglaciären 1.89 Ice cap Ålkatj
    27. Lanjekjekna 1.76 Valley glacier Lanjek
    28. Alep Vassjajekna 1.62 Valley glacier Skårki
    29. Lulep Pastajekna 1.61 Valley glacier Skårki
    30. Niakjekna 1.60 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    31. Sarvajekna 1.54 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    32. Hyllglaciären 1.41 Valley glacier Akka
    33. Kassajekna 1.39 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    34. Stuolojekna 1.34 Valley glacier Piellorieppe
    35. Västra Vattendelarglaciären 1.31 Valley glacier Lanjek
    36. Såltajekna 1.27 Cirque glacier Sarektjåkkå
    37. Årjep Luottojekna 1.23 Ice cap Luotto
    38. Lulep Vassjajekna 1.17 Valley glacier Skårki
    39. Kavajekna 1.16 Valley glacier Sarektjåkkå
    40. Lulep Ruotesjekna 1.08 Ice cap Ruotes


    Icefalls in Sarek

    The glaciers in Sarek are on average slightly less steep than in Kebnekaise. This results in them usually being less heavily crevassed as well. There are four prominent icefalls, however (plus a few border cases); in Suottasjekna, Såltajekna, Alep Pastajekna, and Svenonius glaciär.

    The icefall in Suottasjekna
    The icefall in Suottasjekna
    The icefall in Såltajekna
    The icefall in Såltajekna
    The icefall in Alep Pastajekna
    The icefall in Alep Pastajekna
    The icefall in Svenonius glaciär
    The icefall in Svenonius glaciär

    Wind channels in Sarek

    A wind channel is a rounded groove in the ice, often several tens of metres deep and many hundreds of metres long, which sometimes is found on a glacier next to a mountain side. They are created by vortices in the air, caused by strong winds. These "scoop out" the ice in two ways: they stop much snow from accumulating there in winter, and more ice than usual melts there during summer, because of the warm wind vortices. In Sarek there are at least 7 wind channels:

    Glacier with
    wind channel
    Length of the
    wind channel (m)
    Depth of the
    wind channel (m)
    Mikkajekna70035
    Alep Sarekjekna80025
    Akkajekna90035
    Årjep Ålkatj-jekna40025
    Pierikpaktejekna20025
    Svenonius glaciär130040
    Pårtejekna80020


    Start page Top
    Top of
    document
    Previous
    The glaciers of
    Sulitelma
    Up
    The glaciers
    of Sweden
    Next
    The glaciers of the
    Arjeplog mountains
    Site map
    Site
    map
    Email
    Email the
    author
    Copyleft
    Copyleft
    information
    På svenska
    Detta dokument
    på svenska
    Last updated: March 17, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
    Images with size information (xx kB) leads to the corresponding image in 4 x better resolution.