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Last updated: March 17, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
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The glaciers of the Räita massif

The Räita massif from E The Räita massif from E, July 17, 1981. (70 kB)

The Räita massif lies between Stuor-Räitavagge, Vistasvagge and Kaskasavagge in central Kebnekaise. Its highest peak is Räitatjåkka (1934 m), and it contains 14 glaciers. The massif is the proper heart of the Kebnekaise mountains with the spectacular valley Unna Räitavagge, crossing the massif.

Table over the glaciers of the Räita massif with basic data

# Name Type Area (km2) Length (km) Lowest point (m) Highest point (m) Height difference (m)
1. Alep Räitatjåkkajekna Cirque glacier 0.31 0.7 1225 1560 335
2. Lulep Räitatjåkkajekna Cirque glacier 0.98 1.7 1405 1770 365
3. Årjep Räitatjåkkajekna Ice cap 0.32 0.7 1370 1635 265
4. Vaktpostglaciären Cirque glacier 1.12 1.4 1290 1780 490
5. Alep Räitajekna Valley glacier 1.85 2.4 1250 1635 385
6. Lulep Räitajekna Valley glacier 1.64 2.1 1280 1710 430
7. Räitajaurejekna Ice cap 0.08 0.3 1225 1350 125
8. Västra Knivkamsglaciären Cirque glacier 0.62 1.7 1290 1800 510
9. Mellersta Knivkamsglaciären Ice cap 0.44 0.9 1360 1705 345
10. Östra Knivkamsglaciären Cirque glacier 0.42 1.2 1370 1765 395
11. Norra Pyramidglaciären Ice cap 0.13 0.4 1210 1430 220
12. Södra Pyramidglaciären Cirque glacier 0.24 0.6 1325 1535 210
13. Östra Pyramidglaciären Cirque glacier 0.61 1.4 1195 1520 325
14. Nipalsjekna Ice cap 1.16 2.2 1340 1855 515
Total 9.92


1. Alep Räitatjåkkajekna

Alep Räitatjåkkajekna 
from NE Alep Räitatjåkkajekna from NE, August 12, 1990. (57 kB)

Alep Räitatjåkkajekna (0.31 km2) is a steep cirque glacier on the north side of Räitatjåkka. It is heavily crevassed and ends in a small icefall at the top of a cliff.


2. Lulep Räitatjåkkajekna

Lulep Räitatjåkkajekna (0.98 km2) is a substantial cirque glacier on the east side of Räitatjåkka. It seems to be fairly even and crevasse-free.


3. Årjep Räitatjåkkajekna

Årjep Räitatjåkkajekna (0.32 km2) is an ice cap on the south side of Räitatjåkka.


4. Vaktpostglaciären

Vaktpostglaciären from NE Vaktpostglaciären from NE, August 12, 1990. (144 kB)

Vaktpostglaciären (1.12 km2) is a large and complex cirque glacier on the north side of Vaktposten.

Vaktpostglaciären with the ice 
lake Vaktpostglaciären with the ice lake, July 17, 1981. (60 kB)

It has massive (probably ice-cored) terminal moraines, damming up a small lake, where the ice is calving.

The ice-cliff of 
Vaktpostglaciären The ice-cliff of Vaktpostglaciären, July 17, 1981. (62 kB)

The ice-cliff, some 20 m high, is created by the lifting action of the water on the ice (ice being lighter than water).

The icefall in 
Vaktpostglaciären The icefall in Vaktpostglaciären, July 17, 1981. (92 kB)

Vaktpostglaciären is an active and rather crevassed glacier, with a small icefall up in one of the accumulation areas.


5. Alep Räitajekna

Alep Räitajekna (1.85 km2) is a valley glacier north of Tjäktjahjälmen. Previously it was continuos with Lulep Räitajekna by a glacier pass, but now a rock ridge has melted into view (1475 m). The glacier is even and mostly free of crevasses, except in the uppermost parts.


6. Lulep Räitajekna

Räitajaurejekna and Lulep 
Räitajekna from E Räitajaurejekna and Lulep Räitajekna from E, August 11, 1990. (69 kB)

Lulep Räitajekna (1.64 km2) is a valley glacier north of Knivkammen. Earlier in the 20th century it was continuos with Alep Räitajekna, but now the pass at some 1475 m is melted clear. Räitajaurejekna is a disconnected part of the glacier.

Lulep Räitajekna and Pajep 
Räitajaure Lulep Räitajekna and Pajep Räitajaure, August 12, 1990. (126 kB)

The glacier previously extended down into the lake Pajep Räitajaure. It is even and crevasse-free except in the upper parts.


7. Räitajaurejekna

Räitajaurejekna (0.08 km2) is a small disconnected part of Lulep Räitajekna, extending into the lake. It hasnīt melted away or become dead ice, however. It has its own accumulation area, and is a true, if small, glacier.


8. Västra Knivkamsglaciären

Västra, Mellersta, and Östra 
Knivkamsglaciären from S Västra, Mellersta, and Östra Knivkamsglaciären from S, 11 augusti 1990. (216 kB)

Västra Knivkamsglaciären (0.62 km2) is a cirque glacier on the south side of Knivkammen. It starts by an ice plateau and extends down into a steep valley. The glacier, previously continuos with Mellersta Knivkamsglaciären has some crevasses.


9. Mellersta Knivkamsglaciären

Mellersta Knivkamsglaciären (0.44 km2) is an ice cap south of Knivkammen. Previously it was continuos with Västra Knivkamsglaciären and Östra Knivkamsglaciären, and is practically free of crevasses.


10. Östra Knivkamsglaciären

Östra Knivkamsglaciären from 
SE Östra Knivkamsglaciären from SE, August 11, 1990. (199 kB)

Östra Knivkamsglaciären (0.42 km2) is a cirque glacier on the south side of Knivkammen. Previously it was continuos with Mellersta Knivkamsglaciären.

Meltwater stream on Östra 
Knivkamsglaciären Meltwater stream on Östra Knivkamsglaciären, August 11, 1990. (82 kB)

The glacier is relatively poor in crevasses, excepting the steeper parts, but has some meltwater streams.


11. Norra Pyramidglaciären

Norra Pyramidglaciären 
from S Norra Pyramidglaciären from S, August 11, 1990. (69 kB)

Norra Pyramidglaciären (0.13 km2) is an ice cap east of Knivkammen. Previously it was continuos with Södra Pyramidglaciären, before it fragmented. Earlier the glacier reached down to the bottom of Unna Räitavagge, and its former bed is difficult to cross with deep mud.


12. Södra Pyramidglaciären

Södra Pyramidglaciären (0.24 km2) is a cirque glacier west of Pyramiden. Previously it was continuos with Norra Pyramidglaciären, and is relatively free of crevasses. The northernmost of the three passes of īthe yo-yo trailī is reached from this glacier (1470 m).


13. Östra Pyramidglaciären

Östra Pyramidglaciären (0.61 km2) is a cirque glacier east of Pyramiden. Also from this glacier it is possible to cross the massif (pass point 1475 m).


14. Nipalsjekna

Nipalsjekna from E Nipalsjekna from E, August 3, 1995. (40 kB)

Nipalsjekna (1.16 km2) is an ice cap on the east slope of Nipals.


Start page Top
Top of
document
Previous
The glaciers of the
Sielma massif
Up
The glaciers of
Kebnekaise
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The glaciers of the
Kebnekaise massif
Site map
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Last updated: March 17, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
Images with size information (xx kB) leads to the corresponding image in 4 x better resolution.