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Last updated: March 17, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
Images with size information (xx kB) leads to the corresponding image in 4 x better resolution.


The glaciers of Kebnekaise

The Kebnekaise massif from E The Kebnekaise massif from E, June 18, 1981. (78 kB)

Kebnekaise is the second largest high mountain area in Sweden. The area lies between Stora Lule Älv and Abiskodalen-Alesvagge in Norrbottens län (Lapland). To the west the area borders with Padjelanta and to the east it grades into low plateaus. The highest peak is Kebnekaise (2117 m), the highest peak of Sweden, and there are 4 additional peaks higher than 2000 m, roughly 20 1900-meter peaks, and some 30 1800-meter peaks.

Of the 13 high mountain massifs in Kebnekaise 12 contain 104-111 glaciers (the thirteenth, Rassepautasj-tjåkkå, has no glaciers). The former number is true if you treat glacier complexes as one glacier, and the latter if you treat the ice streams within the complexes as separate glaciers. The total glacier area is 75.90 km2, being 25.6 % of the glaciated area of Sweden.

Kebnekaise contain 4 glacier complexes, 11 (16) valley glaciers, 58 (61) cirque glaciärer, 30 (33) ice caps, and 1 rock glacier (the numbers within parenthesis with the glacier complexes split). The area of the glacier complexes varies between 0.84 and 6.91 km2, the valley glaciers between 0.91 and 4.09, the cirque glaciers between 0.06 and 1.86, and the ice caps finally between 0.05 and 2.38+ km2.

Contents

  • The glaciers of Kebnekaise, arranged after massif


  • Table over the glaciers of Kebnekaise larger than 1 km2 (glacier complexes treated as one unit)


  • Table over the glaciers of Kebnekaise larger than 1 km2 (glacier complexes divided into ice streams)

  • Icefalls in Kebnekaise


  • (For the interested, information concerning classification, naming, and measurements.)


    The glaciers of Kebnekaise, arranged after massif

    The Riuko massif
    The Riuko massif
    The Mårma massif
    The Mårma massif
    The Sielma massif
    The Sielma massif
    The Räita massif
    The Räita massif
    The Kebnekaise 
massif
    The Kebnekaise massif
    The Sälka massif
    The Sälka massif
    The Rusjka massif
    The Rusjka massif
    The Skart massif
    The Skart massif
    The Atjek massif
    The Atjek massif
    The 
Kårsatjåkka massif
    The Kårsatjåkka massif
    The Kallak massif
    The Kallak massif
    The Nieras massif
    The Nieras massif


    The glaciers of Kebnekaise larger than 1 km2

    (Glacier complexes treated as one unit)

    Name Area (km2) Type Massif
    1. Kebnekaisejekna 6.91 Glacier complex Kebnekaise
    2. Riukojekna 4.49+ Glacier complex Riuko
    3. Rabots glaciär 4.09 Valley glacier Kebnekaise
    4. Mårmajekna 4.03 Valley glacier Mårma
    5. Påssusjekna 2.69 Glacier complex Sielma
    6. Kåtojekna 2.65 Valley glacier Mårma
    7. Stuor Nierasjekna 2.28 Ice cap Nieras
    8. Kallakjekna 2.02 Ice cap Kallak
    9. Årjep Sälkajekna 1.86 Cirque glacier Sälka
    10. Alep Räitajekna 1.85 Valley glacier Räita
    11. Mårmapaktejekna 1.81 Valley glacier Mårma
    12. Atjekjekna 1.79 Ice cap Atjek
    13. Alep Påssusjekna 1.71 Valley glacier Sielma
    14. Lulep Räitajekna 1.64 Valley glacier Räita
    15. Takglaciären 1.62 Valley glacier Sielma
    16. Repijekna 1.52 Valley glacier Sielma
    17. Kaskasajekna 1.50 Valley glacier Kebnekaise
    18. Rieppejekna 1.18 Valley glacier Kallak
    19. Nipalsjekna 1.16 Ice cap Räita
    20. Vaktpostglaciären 1.12 Cirque glacier Räita
    21. Nuortap Tjäktjajekna 1.09 Cirque glacier Sielma

    Plus sign after area value means that the glacier is larger, and that part of it lies in Norway. The number indicates the area on Swedish territory.


    The glaciers of Kebnekaise larger than 1 km2

    (Glacier complexes divided into ice streams)

    Name Area (km2) Type Massif
    1. Rabots glaciär 4.09 Valley glacier Kebnekaise
    2. Mårmajekna 4.03 Valley glacier Mårma
    3. Storglaciären 3.29 Valley glacier Kebnekaise
    4. Kåtojekna 2.65 Valley glacier Mårma
    5. Nuortap Riukojekna 2.38+ Ice cap Riuko
    6. Stuor Nierasjekna 2.28 Ice cap Nieras
    7. Kallakjekna 2.02 Ice cap Kallak
    8. Årjep Sälkajekna 1.86 Cirque glacier Sälka
    9. Alep Räitajekna 1.85 Valley glacier Räita
    10. Mårmapaktejekna 1.81 Valley glacier Mårma
    11. Atjekjekna 1.79 Ice cap Atjek
    12. Kaska Påssusjekna 1.78 Valley glacier Sielma
    13. Alep Påssusjekna 1.71 Valley glacier Sielma
    14. Lulep Räitajekna 1.64 Valley glacier Räita
    15. Takglaciären 1.62 Valley glacier Sielma
    16. Repijekna 1.52 Valley glacier Sielma
    17. Kaskasajekna 1.50 Valley glacier Kebnekaise
    18. Årjep Riukojekna 1.46+ Ice cap Riuko
    19. Björlings glaciär 1.43 Valley glacier Kebnekaise
    20. Isfallsglaciären 1.42 Valley glacier Kebnekaise
    21. Rieppejekna 1.18 Valley glacier Kallak
    22. Nipalsjekna 1.16 Ice cap Räita
    23. Vaktpostglaciären 1.12 Cirque glacier Räita
    24. Nuortap Tjäktjajekna 1.09 Cirque glacier Sielma

    Plus sign after area value means that the glacier is larger, and that part of it lies in Norway. The number indicates the area on Swedish territory.


    Icefalls in Kebnekaise

    The glaciers in Kebnekaise are on average slightly steeper than in Sarek. This results in them usually being more heavily crevassed as well. Thus there are as much as six prominent icefalls (plus a few border cases); in Takglaciären, Alep Räitatjåkkajekna, Vaktpostglaciären, Kebnepakteglaciären, Isfallsglaciären, and Årjep Sälkajekna.

    The icefall in Takglaciären
    The icefall in Takglaciären
    The icefall in Alep Räitatjåkkajekna
    The icefall in Alep Räitatjåkkajekna
    The icefall in Vaktpostglaciären
    The icefall in Vaktpostglaciären
    The icefall in Kebnepakteglaciären
    The icefall in Kebnepakteglaciären
    The icefall in Isfallsglaciären
    The icefall in Isfallsglaciären
    The icefall in Årjep Sälkajekna
    The icefall in Årjep Sälkajekna

    Start page Top
    Top of
    document
    Previous
    The glaciers of the
    Abisko mountains
    Up
    The glaciers
    of Sweden
    Next
    The glaciers of the
    Padjelanta mountains
    Site map
    Site
    map
    Email
    Email the
    author
    Copyleft
    Copyleft
    information
    På svenska
    Detta dokument
    på svenska
    Last updated: March 17, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
    Images with size information (xx kB) leads to the corresponding image in 4 x better resolution.