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Last updated: May 27, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
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The larger glaciers of Saltfjellet

Lønstindan from E Lønstindan from E, August 10, 1996. (66 kB)

By the name Saltfjellet I here mean both Saltfjellet proper east of Svartisen, and areas to the north and south of the huge double ice cap. The highest peak within the area is Ørfjellet (1752 m) in the far east. Gråtådalen in the northern Saltfjellet area has a maritime climate with high precipitation, while the eastern part away towards the Swedish border is fairly continental. This causes the glaciers in the western part to be much more extensive than in the east, despite the mountains being higher in the east.

Table over the larger glaciers of Saltfjellet with basic data

#Name Type Area (km2) Length (km) Lowest point (m) Highest point (m) Height difference (m)
1.Småtindisen Ice cap 3.40 1.6 665 1310 645
2.Høgtindbreen Ice cap 2.27 1.3 790 1315 525
3.Fjøsdalsbreen Glacier complex 5.11 3.8 720 1260 540
3a.of which Staupåbreen Ice cap 2.01 1.6 960 1260 300
3b.of which Vestre Fjøsdalsbreen Ice cap 2.23 1.5 720 1230 510
3c.of which Austre Fjøsdalsbreen Ice cap 0.87 1.2 775 1170 395
4.Gråtåtindfonna Ice cap 3.61 1.6 845 1340 495
5.Habresfonna Glacier complex 10.69 6.7 760 1340 580
5a.of which Nordre Govddesbreen Cirque glacier 1.07 1.1 760 1290 530
5b.of which Søre Govddesbreen Cirque glacier 0.81 1.2 830 1340 510
5c.of which Habresbreen Ice cap 5.80 2.5 895 1350 455
5d.of which Govddesfonna Ice cap 0.96 0.9 950 1250 300
5e.of which Rønnåfonna Ice cap 1.03 0.8 830 1145 315
5f.of which Austfjellfonna Ice cap 1.02 0.7 875 1140 265
6.Simlebreen Glacier complex 24.58 9.3 690 1320 630
6a.of which Simlefonna Ice cap 2.44 1.6 690 1240 550
6b.of which Jervåfonna Ice cap 2.55 2.2 750 1320 570
6c.of which Skjellåfonna Valley glacier 3.82 3.7 770 1290 520
6d.of which Hengfonna Ice cap 4.34 3.7 785 1200 415
6e.of which Leirbreen Ice cap 4.70 3.4 870 1190 320
6f.of which Reinkalvfonna Ice cap 3.26 3.6 820 1250 430
6g.of which Tverrådalsfonna Cirque glacier 1.94 1.0 850 1175 325
6h.of which Simletindbreen Ice cap 1.53 1.5 940 1305 365
7.Vegdalsisen Ice cap 2.47 1.6 885 1225 340
8.Glomvassbreen Glacier complex 5.04 5.3 890 1300 410
8a.of which Vestre Skavdalsbreen Ice cap 1.69 1.4 910 1290 380
8b.of which Austre Skavdalsbreen Ice cap 2.30 1.7 890 1270 380
8c.of which Glomdalsbreen Ice cap 1.05 1.3 960 1300 340
9.Hengfjellbreen Ice cap 2.29 1.6 1150 1340 190
10.Bogfjellbreen Ice cap 3.05 1.7 950 1330 380
11.Stormfjellbreen Glacier complex 1.98 3.3 820 1480 660
11a.of which Nordre Stormfjellbreen Cirque glacier 0.87 1.2 820 1480 660
11a.of which Søre Stormfjellbreen Cirque glacier 1.11 1.5 935 1425 490
12.Steinfjellbreen Ice cap 2.65 2.3 1060 1310 250
13.Bredekbreen Ice cap 1.20 1.1 1130 1320 190
14.Svartisfjellbreen Ice cap 3.02 2.4 970 1300 330
15.Ørtfjellbreen Glacier complex 2.81 3.6 770 1360 590
15a.of which Tverråfjellbreen Ice cap 1.45 1.4 890 1360 470
15b.of which Bergslåttbreen Ice cap 1.36 1.9 770 1330 560
Total 74.17


Map over the glaciers in Beiarn

Map over the glaciers in Beiarn Map over the glaciers in Beiarn. (89 kB)


1. Småtindisen

Småtindisen (3.40 km2) is an elongate sloping ice cap at the east side of Småtindan in the northernmost Saltfjellet area.


2. Høgtindbreen

Høgtindbreen (2.27 km2), an ice cap, lies at the east side of Høgtinden (1403 m) in the northern Saltfjellet area.


3. Fjøsdalsbreen

Fjøsdalsbreen (5.11 km2) is a small ice cap complex in the northern Saltfjellet area.

3a. Staupåbreen

Staupåbreen (2.01 km2) is the western part of Fjøsdalsbreen.

3b. Vestre Fjøsdalsbreen

Vestre Fjøsdalsbreen (2.23 km2) is an ice cap in the northern part of Fjøsdalsbreen.

3c. Austre Fjøsdalsbreen

Austre Fjøsdalsbreen (0.87 km2) is the easternmost patch of Fjøsdalsbreen.


4. Gråtåtindfonna

Gråtåtindfonna (3.61 km2) is an ice cap in northern Saltfjellet.


5. Habresfonna

Habresfonna (10.69 km2), a fairly large glacier complex, lies north of Gråtådalen in the northern Saltfjellet area.

5a. Nordre Govddesbreen

Nordre Govddesbreen (1.07 km2) is a small cirque glacier in western Habresfonna.

5b. Søre Govddesbreen

Søre Govddesbreen (0.81 km2), a small cirque glacier, lies in western Habresfonna.

5c. Habresbreen

Habresbreen (5.80 km2) is the largest part of Habresfonna. It glides down northwards, towards Søre Govddesdalen.

5d. Govddesfonna

Govddesfonna (0.96 km2) is a patch of northern Habresfonna.

5e. Rønnåfonna

Rønnåfonna (1.03 km2) is a small ice cap in easternmost Habresfonna.

5f. Austfjellfonna

Austfjellfonna (1.02 km2), a small ice cap, lies in southeasternmost Habresfonna.


6. Simlebreen

Simlebreen (24.58 km2), a large irregular ice cap, lies to the west of Gråtådalen in the northern Saltfjellet area. The highest peak on the glacier, which in Lappish is known as Vatjanjåkkjiekki, Simletinden, reaches only 1329 m.

6a. Simlefonna

Simlefonna (2.44 km2), the easternmost part of Simlebreen, is a steep glacier at the end of Vakkanjåkkdalen.

6b. Jervåfonna

Jervåfonna (2.55 km2) is an outlet of northern Simlebreen, which drains towards Gråtådalen. During the Little Ice Age the tongue reached down in the forest.

6c. Skjellåfonna

Skjellåfonna (3.82 km2) is a valley glacier in eastern Simlebreen. Its snout reached far down in the birch forest during the Little Ice Age.

6d. Hengfonna

Hengfonna (4.34 km2) is a pretty large outlet in southern Simlebreen. During the Little Ice Age its tongue stretched down through the forest all the way down to the bottom of Gråtådalen; to below 400 m asl.

6e. Leirbreen

Leirbreen (4.70 km2) is the southernmost, and largest outlet of Simlebreen.

6f. Reinkalvfonna

Reinkalvfonna (3.26 km2) is an outlet of Simlebreen which drains to the west, towards Arstadvatnet.

6g. Tverrådalsfonna

Tverrådalsfonna (1.94 km2) is a cirque glacier in western Simlebreen.

6h. Simletindbreen

Simletindbreen (1.53 km2) is the part of Simlebreen which glides down towards Habresdalen.


7. Vegdalsisen

Vegdalsisen (2.47 km2) is a small ice cap on Vegdalsfjellet.


8. Glomvassbreen

Glomvassbreen (5.04 km2) is a small glacier complex on Glomvassfjellet in the northern Saltfjellet area.

8a. Vestre Skavdalsbreen

Vestre Skavdalsbreen (1.69 km2) is the part of Glomvassbreen that flows down towards north.

8b. Austre Skavdalsbreen

Austre Skavdalsbreen (2.30 km2) is the eastern part of Glomvassbreen.

8c. Glomdalsbreen

Glomdalsbreen (1.05 km2), a small patch of Glomvassbreen, drains towards the south.


9. Hengfjellbreen

Hengfjellbreen (2.29 km2) is an ice cap in the central Saltfjellet area.


10. Bogfjellbreen

Bogfjellbreen (3.05 km2), an ice cap, lies in the central Saltfjellet mountains.


11. Stormfjellbreen

Stormfjellbreen (1.98 km2) is a small glacier complex in the central Saltfjellet area.

11a. Nordre Stormfjellbreen

Nordre Stormfjellbreen (0.87 km2), the northern part of Stormfjellbreen, is a steep cirque glacier with a regenerated glacier beneath an icefall.

11b. Søre Stormfjellbreen

Søre Stormfjellbreen (1.11 km2) is a pretty steep cirque glacier in the southern part of Stormfjellbreen.


12. Steinfjellbreen

Steinfjellbreen (2.65 km2), a small ice cap, lies in the southern Saltfjellet mountains.


13. Bredekbreen

Bredekbreen (1.20 km2) is a little ice cap in the southern Saltfjellet area.


14. Svartisfjellbreen

Svartisfjellbreen (3.02 km2) is a small ice cap on the south side of Svartisfjellet in the southern Saltfjellet area.


15. Ørtfjellbreen

Ørtfjellbreen (2.81 km2) is a small glacier complex in the southern Saltfjellet mountains.

15a. Tverråfjellbreen

Tverråfjellbreen (1.45 km2) is the western part of Ørtfjellbreen.

15b. Bergslåttbreen

Bergslåttbreen (1.36 km2), the eastern part of Ørtfjellbreen, is an ice cap, from which ice masses fall down on a regenerated glacier at the bottom of the valley.


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Last updated: May 27, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
Images with size information (xx kB) leads to the corresponding image in 4 x better resolution.