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Last updated: March 17, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
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The larger glaciers of Northern Jostedalsbreen

Kjenndalsbreen from N Kjenndalsbreen from N, June 24, 1999. (55 kB)

Jostedalsbreen is Norway´s and continental Europe´s largest glacier; a complex system of ice domes sending down mighty ice streams into the valleys on all sides, often in tremendous icefalls. According to measurements the ice in some places is more than 600 m thick. In the northern part the glacier has more alpine character, with many peaks and ridges jutting up through the ice. There lies also the highest peak on Jostedalsbreen, Lodalskåpa (2083 m), "the Westland Queen".

Jostedalsbreen has a rather maritime climate, with large amounts of snow in winter. The latest decades there has fallen so much that many outlets, in particular short and steep ones, have advanced significantly.

With Northern Jostedalsbreen I here mean the part of Jostedalsbreen that drains towards Loen, Stryn and Skjåk. Other smaller glaciers in this area are included here as well.

Table over the larger glaciers of Northern Jostedalsbreen with basic data

#Name Type Area (km2) Length (km) Lowest point (m) Highest point (m) Height difference (m)
Jostedalsbreen Glacier complex 533.48 60.4 60 1980 1920
1.Jostedalsbreen (Northern part) Glacier complex 100.74 35.2 175 1970 1795
1a.of which Gjerdeakslabreen Cirque glacier 1.54 2.1 1170 1845 675
1b.of which Ruteflotbreen Ice cap 8.18 3.2 800 1835 1035
1c.of which Kjenndalsbreen Ice cap 20.27 7.9 175 1955 1780
1d.of which Krunebreen Ice cap 10.22 5.7 1075 1910 835
1e.of which Bødalsbreen Ice cap 8.29 5.7 655 1910 1255
1f.of which Bohrsbreen Ice cap 3.49 1.9 1240 1830 590
1g.of which Kåpebreen Cirque glacier 0.19 0.6 1620 1970 350
1h.of which Mankebreen Ice cap 0.79 0.9 1490 1820 330
1i.of which Teibreen Cirque glacier 1.88 1.9 1175 1750 575
1j.of which Teinosbreen Cirque glacier 1.38 1.4 1090 1930 840
1k.of which Skålefjellbreen Ice cap 1.76 1.2 1585 1930 345
1l.of which Erdalsbreen Ice cap 10.57 6.7 860 1910 1050
1m.of which Vesledalsbreen Ice cap 4.07 3.2 1130 1725 595
1n.of which Vestre Sygneskardbreen Ice cap 8.74 4.4 1260 1810 550
1o.of which Vestre Sikilbreen Ice cap 4.82 3.6 1170 1710 540
1p.of which Austre Sikilbreen Ice cap 6.15 3.1 1115 1760 645
1q.of which Leirvassbreen Ice cap 2.14 2.2 1320 1710 390
1r.of which Tverrbytnbreen Valley glacier 6.26 2.6 1305 1810 505
2.Tindefjellbreen Glacier complex 24.15 11.5 945 1890 945
2a.of which Skålebreen Valley glacier 5.25 3.7 1125 1850 725
2b.of which Tundraskardsbreen Valley glacier 3.97 4.0 945 1890 945
2c.of which Havaldebreen Cirque glacier 0.87 1.1 1200 1700 500
2d.of which Tindebreen Cirque glacier 1.26 2.0 1080 1680 600
2e.of which Skålabreen Cirque glacier 2.20 2.4 1070 1810 740
2f.of which Hellsetebreen Ice cap 2.13 2.1 1290 1810 520
2g.of which Vestre Høgrenningsbreen Ice cap 0.69 1.2 1465 1720 255
2h.of which Austre Høgrenningsbreen Ice cap 2.18 1.7 1240 1795 555
2i.of which Tungefjellbreen Ice cap 2.63 1.9 1315 1890 575
2j.of which Vestre Raudibreen Ice cap 1.77 1.4 1410 1890 480
2k.of which Austre Raudibreen Ice cap 1.20 1.5 1390 1810 420
3.Breidfonna Glacier complex 1.65 2.5 820 1770 950
3a.of which Veslehymbreen Cirque glacier 1.17 2.0 820 1770 950
3b.of which Nesjebreen Cirque glacier 0.48 0.9 1170 1610 440
4.Rjupedalsbreen Glacier complex 1.88 3.9 1070 1755 685
4a.of which Storskredbreen Cirque glacier 0.86 1.2 1130 1755 625
4b.of which Geitafjellbreen Cirque glacier 1.02 1.0 1070 1485 415
5.Sætrefjellbreen Glacier complex 6.73 5.6 1185 1890 705
5a.of which Sygneskarsbreen Cirque glacier 0.68 1.6 1185 1890 705
5b.of which Sandskarfonna Cirque glacier 2.14 2.0 1275 1890 615
5c.of which Skipedalsfonna Cirque glacier 1.14 1.2 1300 1730 430
5d.of which Vestre Sætrefjellbreen Ice cap 0.86 1.3 1580 1730 150
5e.of which Midtre Sætrefjellbreen Ice cap 1.21 1.5 1530 1800 270
5f.of which Austre Sætrefjellbreen Ice cap 0.70 1.0 1640 1890 250
6.Tystigbreen Glacier complex 25.83 8.8 1225 1890 665
6a.of which Tverrelvbreen Ice cap 11.44 5.0 1235 1830 605
6b.of which Videdalsbreen Cirque glacier 1.86 2.4 1280 1830 550
6c.of which Vestre Kvitlenovbreen Ice cap 3.65 2.4 1320 1800 430
6d.of which Austre Kvitlenovbreen Ice cap 2.83 2.9 1225 1890 665
6e.of which Nordre Mårådalsbreen Valley glacier 3.01 3.1 1270 1850 580
6f.of which Søre Mårådalsbreen Valley glacier 2.94 3.2 1290 1760 470
7.Raudeggbreen Glacier complex 7.02 4.1 1350 1895 545
7a.of which Vassvendbreen Ice cap 5.85 3.7 1350 1850 500
7b.of which Raudbreen Ice cap 1.17 1.7 1445 1895 450
8.Sandåbreen Cirque glacier 5.77 3.4 1530 1905 375
9.Vestre Skridulaupbreen Ice cap 2.05 2.7 1475 1930 455
10.Austre Skridulaupbreen Ice cap 2.36 2.9 1550 1920 370
11.Sekkebreen Glacier complex 24.99 8.6 1345 1930 585
11a.of which Storegrovbreen Ice cap 8.48 4.1 1400 1930 530
11b.of which Vasstverrabreen Ice cap 2.96 2.7 1580 1915 335
11c.of which Hamrabreen Ice cap 2.65 2.3 1400 1930 530
11d.of which Sikilbreen Ice cap 2.47 2.5 1420 1925 505
11e.of which Holåbreen Ice cap 6.92 5.1 1345 1870 525
11f.of which Søvertjønnbreen Ice cap 1.51 1.9 1410 1770 360
12.Kupløyftbreen Ice cap 1.00 1.3 1420 1725 305
13.Kupbreen Ice cap 2.08 1.9 1310 1745 435
14.Tverreggbreen Ice cap 4.14 1.7 1350 1765 415
Total 210.39


1. Jostedalsbreen (Northern part)

Tindefjell, Jostedalsbreen and Lovatnet from 
Skåla Tindefjell, Jostedalsbreen and Lovatnet from Skåla, June 25, 1999. (182 kB)

Jostedalsbreen (Northern part) (100.74 km2) is the part of Jostedalsbreen which drains northward, towards Loen, Stryn and Skjåk. The area is mostly of ice cap type, and there are a rather substantial number of smaller ice caps in the surroundings. During the peak of the Little Ice Age in the middle of the 18th century the outlets advanced a lot, destroying both farmland and meadows. The highest point on this part of Jostedalsbreen is Lodalskåpa (2083 m).

This part of Jostedalsbreen contains the perhaps most savage of all its outlet glaciers, the spectacular Kjenndalsbreen. The outlets in the western part of the area are generally very steep and have large and high icefalls. In the eastern part the topography is much more subdued. Other significant outlets are Krunebreen, Bødalsbreen, Erdalsbreen, and Tverrelvbreen in Tystigbreen.

1a. Gjerdeakslabreen

Gjerdeakslabreen (1.54 km2) is a steep cirque glacier in northwestern Jostedalsbreen, to the west of Ruteflotdalen. During the Little Ice Age it was a part of Ruteflotbreen.

1b. Ruteflotbreen

Ruteflotbreen from Skåla Ruteflotbreen from Skåla, June 25, 1999. (47 kB)

Ruteflotbreen (8.18 km2), also called Kvanndalsbreen, is a fairly large outlet from northwestern Jostedalsbreen. It consists of a wide accumlation zone between Kjelkevarden (1717 m) and Nordfjordvarden (1841 m), which almost encircles the innermost Ruteflotdalen. There is a regenerated glacier down in the valley, below a discontinuos 2.6 km wide and 400 m high icefall. During the latest years Ruteflotbreen has begun readvancing, but during the Little Ice Age the ice front stood another 1.6 km farther down the valley.

1c. Kjenndalsbreen

Kjenndalsbreen from N Kjenndalsbreen from N, September 16, 1989. (74 kB)

Kjenndalsbreen (20.27 km2) is the largest outlet glacier in northern Jostedalsbreen, and in my opinion without question the most spectacular in entire Norway. A 6 km wide accumulation area flows northwards from Høgste Breakulen (1957 m), where the ice is more than 450 m thick. Then it pours over the edge towards Kjenndalen, an incredibly deep and narrow valley bordered by 1700 m high dizzily steep precipices, in a colossal icefall.

Kjenndalsbreen from N Kjenndalsbreen from N, June 24, 1999. (73 kB)

When the ice flows across the drop towards Kjenndalen the highest and most savage icefall in all of Scandinavia is formed; a staggering 1400 m high. In the upper part it is 3.4 km wide, but it narrows to 300 m down on the glacier tongue. About halway down it becomes partly discontinuos; a relatively narrow continuos part leads down to the tongue, while innumerable ice avalanches from the too steep parts on both sides build up massive avalanche cones. Stereo image of Kjenndalsbreen from N.

Kjenndalsbreen´s tongue from N Kjenndalsbreen´s tongue from N, September 16, 1989. (74 kB)

As a result of the increase in snow quantities during the end of the 20th century the number of ice avalanches has multiplied as well. This has led to a very large increase in the thickness of the upper glacier tongue - some 100 m between 1989 and 1999 - and has also precipitated a powerful advance. Today the ice front stands some 900 m ahead of its minumum position during the 1960:s. Now Kjenndalsbreen seems to have stabilized though; it has even retreated slightly the very latest years. Kjenndalsbreen has unusually much surface material for being an outlet of Jostedalsbreen; probably it is mostly material torn loose in the icefall.

Kjenndalsbreen´s tongue from N Kjenndalsbreen´s tongue from N, June 24, 1999. (79 kB)

During the Little Ice Age Kjenndalsbreen of course was much larger than now, but not even then should the icefall have been continuos in its whole width. The ice front stood some 2.0 km farther down the valley than today, and the glacier tongue then got contributions by ice avalanches from Krunebreen, which then because of this was a part of Kjenndalsbreen. Since the ice then was much thicker the icefall was not quite as steep then, but still impressive.

The ice in Kjenndalsbreen The ice in Kjenndalsbreen, September 16, 1989. (81 kB)

On August 15, 1881 the Englishman William Cecil Slingsby and the Norwegian mountain guide Johannes Vigdal arrived at the head of Kjenndalsbreen´s icefall. They had started from Tverradalsstølen early, before dawn, walked up along the entire long Tunsbergdalsbreen, on the way visiting Høgste Breakulen, which Slingsby called "the most summitless mountain" he ever had been on. Now evening was drawing near and they decided to try getting down. It must be viewed as one for the time truly outstanding achievement that they managed to come down safe and sound, after five hours of struggle and constant mortal danger. Said Slingsby later laconically: "The most awful glacierwork I have ever done". When they late in the evening arrived at Nesdal, at first no one would believe that they really had gone down there - it was viewed as something totally impossible. It is also noteworthy that no one has ever repeated this feat since.

The ice front of Kjenndalsbreen The ice front of Kjenndalsbreen, June 24, 1999. (81 kB)

Today you easily reach Kjenndalsbreen after a 15 minute walk on a good path from the parking area where the road ends. The glacier tongue today stretches out of the gorge and is long enough that avalanches from the icefall no longer present any risk, but there is always a risk of ice blocks tumbling down from an ice tongue as steep and crevassed as Kjenndalsbreen.

The icefall of Kjenndalsbreen The icefall of Kjenndalsbreen, June 24, 1999. (49 kB)

1d. Krunebreen

Krunebreen from Loen Krunebreen from Loen, June 24, 1999. (48 kB)

Krunebreen (10.22 km2) is a fairly large outlet from northern Jostedalsbreen. It hangs high above the precipices towards Kjenndalen, with a 900 m wide and 300 m high icefall. During the Little Ice Age large amounts of ice avalanched down on Kjenndalsbreen, which then stretched much farther down the valley, and of which Krunebreen then was a part. In its upper parts Krunebreen is up to 500 m thick. Today there doesn´t seem to fall down any large amounts of ice here, but if the glacier tongue were to advance just a little you could not disregard that risk. Then people on their way towards Kjenndalsbreen would be in danger.

Krunebreen from Skåla Krunebreen from Skåla, June 25, 1999. (67 kB)

So far Krunebreen does not seem to have advanced particulary much; it could be due to its westerly direction, but there is another possibility as well. According to radar measurements there is a mountain ridge across the small valley of Krunebreen, 2 km in from the snout. East of that ridge there is a much deeper valley that drains towards SE. It might be that the division of ice streams performed according to the surface topography not always is correct. In that case the part of the snow plateau actually feeding Krunebreen would be much smaller, and the rest of the ice would in reality flow towards Nigardsbreen.

1e. Bødalsbreen

Bødalsbreen (8.29 km2) is a pretty large outlet glacier of Jostedalsbreen. The glacier has an accumulation area, where the ice in several places is more than 400 m thick. The ice flows westward, and then turns to the north down a 1.1 km wide and 600 m high icefall, down towards upper Bødalen. During the Little Ice Age Bødalsbreen stretched 1.2 km farther down the valley.

Since then Bødalsbreen has slowly retreated, but it left an unusually fine series of terminal moraines made by smaller advances during the 19th and 20th centuries. Then the little lake Sætrevatnet was uncovered as well. Since the beginning of the 1990:s Bødalsbreen too has began to advance again; so far by some 300 m. Half an hour´s walk from the road´s end at Bødalssæter leads you to the glacier snout.

1f. Bohrsbreen

Bohrsbreen (3.49 km2) is a small outlet from northern Jostedalsbreen, just to the west of Lodalskåpa (2083 m). A glacier tongue leads down towards upper Bødalen, and another is continuos with a cirque glacier below the north wall of Lodalskåpa. Earlier it has stretched out into the high-lying lake Kåpevatnet (1211 m), but it is uncertain if the lake was totally ice-filled during the Little Ice Age.

1g. Kåpebreen

Kåpebreen (0.19 km2) is a small cirque glacier in Jostedalsbreen, just below the summit of Lodalskåpa, high above Kåpevatnet.

1h. Mankebreen

Mankebreen (0.79 km2) is an ice cap at the northwest edge of Jostedalsbreen. It lies on a mountain ledge above Kåpevatnet.

1i. Teibreen

Teibreen (1.88 km2), a pretty large cirque glacier in northern Jostedalsbreen, lies to the north of Tverrfjellet (1888 m). A 500 m wide and 400 m high icefall leads down towards Erdalsbreen, which it earlier was continuos with.

1j. Teinosbreen

Teinosbreen (1.38 km2) is an elongate and steep cirque glacier in Jostedalsbreen at the north side of Tomefjellet. In particular the western part is sheer and heavily crevassed. During the Little Ice Age Teinosbreen was a tributary to the large Erdalsbreen.

1k. Skålefjellbreen

Skålefjellbreen (1.76 km2), an ice cap at the northwest edge of Jostedalsbreen, lies on a mountain ledge north of Kåpevatnet.

1l. Erdalsbreen

Erdalsbreen (10.57 km2) is a large outlet of northern Jostedalsbreen. It starts high up at Raudskarvfjellet, where the ice is more than 400 m thick, and slides down towards Erdalen between Tverrfjellet (1888 m) and Stornosa (1804 m). Erdalsbreen has fairly even slope and lacks a real icefall, even if there are some crevasse zones of course.

During the Little Ice Age Erdalsbreen reached much longer down Erdalen; the ice front then standing almost down at Vesledalssæter, 3.2 km farther down than today. Then both Teibreen and Teinosbreen were tributaries to Erdalsbreen. Since then Erdalsbreen has retreated a lot, and the retreat continues today, if at a slower pace. Presently a small lake is beginning to be uncovered beneath the tongue of Erdalsbreen. Only time will tell whether Erdalsbreen will stop retreating and start to readvance, like many other glaciers have.

During earlier centuries Erdalsbreen was used as a travel route between Nordfjord and Jostedalen. Whole wedding parties could take the way over here when they were going to church on the other side. It was not people only who traveled across the glacier either; whole herds of cattle and horses were driven up Erdalsbreen, across the pass and down onto Lodalsbreen on the other side, eventually arriving at Fåbergstølen in uppermost Jostedalen.

1m. Vesledalsbreen

Vesledalsbreen (4.07 km2) is a small outlet of northern Jostedalsbreen, to the north of Fremstekåpa (1771 m). Mass balance measurements were performed on Vesledalsbreen by NVE during a few years around 1970.

1n. Vestre Sygneskardbreen

Vestre Sygneskardbreen (8.74 km2) is a relatively large ice cap in northern Jostedalsbreen, which sends down a steep tongue towards uppermost Sunndalen.

1o. Vestre Sikilbreen

Vestre Sikilbreen (4.82 km2) is an outlet of northernmost Jostedalsbreen in uppermost Merradalen. It has a rather broad tongue, and has earlier been continuos with Austre Sikilbreen.

1p. Austre Sikilbreen

Austre Sikilbreen (6.15 km2), an outlet of northernmost Jostedalsbreen, sends down a tongue in upper Merradalen in a small icefall. This glacier was previously continuos with Vestre Sikilbreen.

1q. Leirvassbreen

Leirvassbreen (2.14 km2) is a small ice cap in northernmost Jostedalsbreen, at the west side of Tverrbotnen.

1r. Tverrbytnbreen

Tverrbytnbreen (6.26 km2) is a valley glacier in northernmost Jostedalsbreen, innermost in Tverrbotnen. This part of Jostedalsbreen earlier was continuos with Sekkebreen.


2. Tindefjellbreen

Tindefjellbreen and Lodalskåpa from Skåla 
(Hurrungane at far right) Tindefjellbreen and Lodalskåpa from Skåla (Hurrungane at far right), June 25, 1999. (60 kB)

Tindefjellbreen (24.15 km2) is a pretty large glacier complex up in the mountain massif between Lovatnet and Erdalen. During the Little Ice Age it was continuos with the very large Jostedalsbreen.

2a. Skålebreen

Skålebreen (5.25 km2) is a relatively large valley glacier in eastern Tindefjellbreen, in a rather wide depression south of Tomefjellet (1851 m). The glacier tongue of Skålebreen glides out across the mountain side towards Bødalen, but during the Little Ice Age it reached almost to the valley floor; some 800 m farther out than now.

2b. Tundraskardsbreen

Tundraskardsbreen (3.97 km2) is a valley glacier in central Tindefjellbreen, west of Middagshyrna. A fairly wide accumulation zone is concentrated into a narrow ice tongue towards the north. There are two icefalls, both 200 m high. The glacier tongue ends just above a small lake in a nameless valley hanging above the precipice towards Erdalen.

2c. Havaldebreen

Havaldebreen (0.87 km2) is a steep and wide cirque glacier in Tindefjellbreen at the east side of Tindefjella. Earlier this glacier was a part of Tundraskardsbreen.

2d. Tindebreen

Tindebreen (1.26 km2), a cirque glacier in northern Tindefjellbreen, lies on the north side of Tindefjell.

2e. Skålabreen

Skålabreen (2.20 km2) is an ice cap in western Tindefjellbreen. It glides northward from the east flank of Stryneskåla (1848 m).

2f. Hellsetebreen

Hellsetebreen (2.13 km2) is an ice cap in western Tindefjellbreen, north of Hellsetebotnen.

2g. Vestre Høgrenningsbreen

Vestre Høgrenningsbreen (0.69 km2), a small ice cap in western Tindefjellbreen, lies to the north of Høgrenningsbotnen.

2h. Austre Høgrenningsbreen

Austre Høgrenningsbreen (2.18 km2) is an ice cap in central Tindefjellbreen, at the east side of Høgrenningsbotnen. The southern tongue is fairly steep.

2i. Tungefjellbreen

Tungefjellbreen (2.63 km2) is an ice cap in southern Tindefjellbreen, to the east of Austredalen.

2j. Vestre Raudibreen

Vestre Raudibreen (1.77 km2), an ice cap in southern Tindefjellbreen, hangs high up in the mountain side above Bødalen.

2k. Austre Raudibreen

Austre Raudibreen (1.20 km2) is a small ice cap in southern Tindefjellbreen, at the north side of Bødalen.


3. Breidfonna

Breidfonna (1.65 km2) is a small glacier complex on the north flank of Storskredsfjellet (1814 m).

3a. Veslehymbreen

Veslehymbreen (1.17 km2) is a cirque glacier in Breidfonna, on the east side of Storskredsfjellet. The glacier tongue of Veslehymbreen extends unusually far down.

3b. Nesjebreen

Nesjebreen (0.48 km2) is a small cirque glacier in Breidfonna.


4. Rjupedalsbreen

Rjupedalsbreen (1.88 km2) is a small glacier complex on the west side of Storskredfjellet.

4a. Storskredbreen

Storskredbreen (0.86 km2) is a steep and complex cirque glacier in Rjupedalsbreen.

4b. Geitafjellbreen

Geitafjellbreen (1.02 km2) is a wide cirque glacier in Rjupedalsbreen, to the north of Geitafjellhyrna.


5. Sætrefjellbreen

Sætrefjellbreen (6.73 km2) is a glacier complex on Sætrefjellet between Erdalen and Sunndalen.

5a. Sygneskarsbreen

Sygneskarsbreen (0.68 km2) is a steep cirque glacier in eastern Sætrefjellbreen, west of Sygneskarsvatna.

5b. Sandskarfonna

Sandskarfonna (2.14 km2) is a large cirque glacier in northern Sætrefjellbreen, at the north side of Sætrefjellet (1892 m).

5c. Skipedalsfonna

Skipedalsfonna (1.14 km2) is a cirque glacier in western Sætrefjellbreen.

5d. Vestre Sætrefjellbreen

Vestre Sætrefjellbreen (0.86 km2) is an ice cap in western Sætrefjellbreen.

5e. Midtre Sætrefjellbreen

Midtre Sætrefjellbreen (1.21 km2), an ice cap in Sætrefjellbreen, lies to the south of Sætrefjellet.

5f. Austre Sætrefjellbreen

Austre Sætrefjellbreen (0.70 km2) is a small ice cap in eastern Sætrefjellbreen.


6. Tystigbreen

Tystigbreen (25.83 km2) is a large glacier complex between northernmost Jostedalsbreen and Old Strynefjellsvegen. Tystigbreen was probably not continuos with Jostedalsbreen during the Little Ice Age. This glacier has a considerably more continental climate than those farther to the west, and has not displayed any signs of advancing again yet.

6a. Tverrelvbreen

Tverrelvbreen (11.44 km2) is the largest outlet of Tystigbreen. It starts op to the south of Kvitlenova (1898 m), where there is a deep and 1.5 km long wind channel with an ice lake at its western end. There are smaller wind channels in two other places farther down the glacier tongue as well. The ice stream flows down towards southwest and receives a contribution from the north just before the snout.

6b. Videdalsbreen

Videdalsbreen (1.86 km2) is a cirque glacier in western Tystigbreen, north of Nuken (1832 m).

6c. Vestre Kvitlenovbreen

Vestre Kvitlenovbreen (3.65 km2) is an ice cap in northern Tystigbreen. The eastern part is used for skiing at Stryn Sommerskisenter. In the southeastern part there is an ice lake, at the west side of Kvitlenova (1898 m).

6d. Austre Kvitlenovbreen

Austre Kvitlenovbreen (2.83 km2) is an ice cap in eastern Tystigbreen, which glides down towards Langvatnet.

6e. Nordre Mårådalsbreen

Nordre Mårådalsbreen (3.01 km2) is a valley glacier in Tystigbreen east of Kvitlenova. It sends down an even glacier tongue into Mårådalen.

6f. Søre Mårådalsbreen

Søre Mårådalsbreen (2.94 km2), a valley glacier in eastern Tystigbreen, calves in a small lake.


7. Raudeggbreen

Raudeggbreen (7.02 km2) is an ice cap on Raudeggje, east of Tystigbreen and to the south of Old Strynefjellsvegen.

7a. Vassvendbreen

Vassvendbreen (5.85 km2) is a rather large ice cap in Raudeggbreen, at the north side of Raudeggje (1938 m).

7b. Raudbreen

Raudbreen (1.17 km2) is a small ice cap in Raudeggbreen, on Raudeggje´s east side.


8. Sandåbreen

Sandåbreen (5.77 km2) is a very large cirque glacier on the south side of Skridulaupen (1962 m). It fills up a wide cirque high above Rauddalsvatnet.


9. Vestre Skridulaupbreen

Vestre Skridulaupbreen (2.05 km2) is an ice cap on the north side of Skridulaupen.


10. Austre Skridulaupbreen

Austre Skridulaupbreen (2.36 km2), an ice cap, lies on the northeast flank of Skridulaupen (1962 m).


11. Sekkebreen

Sekkebreen (24.99 km2) is a large ice cap east of northernmost Jostedalsbreen, which glacier it not long ago was a part of. It has a very much more continental climate than those farther to the west, something which is clearly seen in how high the snowline is. Sekkebreen is even and with a few exceptions not particularly steep.

11a. Storegrovbreen

Storegrovbreen (8.48 km2) is the largest outlet glacier in Sekkebreen. It starts up at the ice dome (1930 m) and slowly glides down towards SE. The glacier tongue is slightly steeper than the rest.

11b. Vasstverrabreen

Vasstverrabreen (2.96 km2) is an ice cap in western Sekkebreen, east of Vasstverratjørnin.

11c. Hamrabreen

Hamrabreen (2.65 km2) is a rather steep ice cap in western Sekkebreen, above Hamran. It was this part that earlier was continuos with Jostedalsbreen.

11d. Sikilbreen

Sikilbreen (2.47 km2) is an ice cap in the northern part of Sekkebreen.

11e. Holåbreen

Holåbreen (6.92 km2) is a large outlet of Sekkebreen, which glides down towards NE in a small valley above Rauddalsvatnet.

11f. Søvertjønnbreen

Søvertjønnbreen (1.51 km2) is a small ice cap at the eastern edge of Sekkebreen, above Indre Søvertjønnin.


12. Kupløyftbreen

Kupløyftbreen (1.00 km2) is a small ice cap on Kupen (1728 m), east of Kupvatnet.


13. Kupbreen

Kupbreen (2.08 km2), an ice cap east of Austdalsnosi, glides down northward towards Mysubyttdalen.


14. Tverreggbreen

Tverreggbreen (4.14 km2) is an ice cap on the east side of Tverreggje (1768 m), south of Mysubyttdalen.


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Last updated: March 17, 2001 Unless otherwise specified; text, tables, photographs, maps and other graphics © 1999-2001 Gunnar Ljungstrand
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